Tuesday, March 20, 2018

News: Open access for fascinating South-Arabian ‘squeezes’ from the Glaser Collection

Copies of several hundred open access South-Arabian stone inscriptions have been made available in Europeana Collections via Kulturpool by the Austrian Academy of Sciences.

A squeeze copy of a stone inscription
A squeeze copy of a stone inscription
Guest blog by Petra Aigner, leader of a project titled 'Pilot-3D-Digitizing of Rare Ancient South Arabian Squeezes, 19th Century Glaser Collection'.
The collection of the Austrian scholar and explorer Eduard Glaser (1855-1908) was acquired for a large sum of money in 1910 by the Academy of Sciences in Vienna. The epigrapher and specialist in the South-Arabian languages collected a huge amount of medieval Arabic manuscripts and stone inscriptions that are now spread all over Europe. He also collected ‘squeezes’ (a kind of copy on paper) of the non-transportable ones, as well as photographs, glass-negatives, diaries, and notes of historical importance. The Academy owns the latter precious documents of the 1880s and 1890s and through two projects is digitally preserving and scientifically analysing them. This is another step towards the integration of the history and culture of South Arabia within the field of ancient Near Eastern studies and will help to give a fuller historical background of the early first millennium BCE till the rise of Islam.

Eduard Glaser collected these inscriptions during four expeditions (1882-1884, 1885-1886, 1887-1888, 1892-1894) to South Arabia - now largely the Republic of Yemen. Most of the squeezes are currently in a very poor state, while the original inscriptions are in many cases damaged and are (given Yemen’s political instability) inaccessible anyway. The preservation of this valuable epigraphic corpus will amount to the preservation of a significant part of ancient Yemen’s history and culture and, more broadly speaking, the preservation of an often overlooked part of the Semitic-speaking Near East. The inscriptions are written in Ḥaḍramitic, Quatabānic, Minaic, and Sabaic languages of Ancient South Arabia. The time range is from 800 BCE-600 CE.

Almost 500 items from the Glaser Collection were transferred to Europeana Collections by the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Library, Archive & Collections (BAS:IS). The scans are available for use under an open licence.

George Hatke (Austrian Academy of Sciences, University of Vienna) is responsible for all transcriptions of the texts preserved in the squeezes, together with the translations and commentary. These remain intellectual property of the author. Please contact George.hatke@univie.ac.at

Newly added to Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online March 20, 2018

Newly added to Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online
Wettengel, Wolfgang (2003). Die Erzählung von den beiden Brüdern: Der Papyrus d'Orbiney und die Königsideologie der Ramessiden. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Zawadzki, Stefan (2006). Garments of the Gods: Studies on the Textile Industry and the Pantheon of Sippar according to the Texts from the Ebabbar Archive. Fribourg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Academic Press / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Strawn, Brent A. (2005). What Is Stronger than a Lion? Leonine Image and Metaphor in the Hebrew Bible and the Ancient Near East. Fribourg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Academic Press / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Knigge, Carsten (2006). Das Lob der Schöpfung: Die Entwicklung ägyptischer Sonnen- und Schöpfungshymnen nach dem Neuen Reich. Fribourg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Academic Press / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Hübner, Ulrich (1992). Spiele und Spielzeug im antiken Palästina. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. 
Matthews, Donald M (1992). The Kassite Glyptic of Nippur. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Biblische Welten: Festschrift für Martin Metzger zu seinem 65. Geburtstag. Edited by: Zwickel, Wolfgang (1993). Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Open Access Monograph Series: Dickinson College Commentaries

 [First posted in AWOL 18 May 2012, updated 20 March 2018]

Dickinson College Commentaries


Dickinson College Commentaries presents Latin and Greek texts for reading, with explanatory notes, interpretive essays, vocabulary, and multimedia elements. The format has two columns, one with plain text on the left, and another on the right with three tabs for notes, vocabulary, and media. The commentaries are peer-reviewed, citable scholarly resources, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (CC BY-SA). Support for the project comes from the Christopher Roberts Fund for Classical Studies at Dickinson College, the Mellon Fund for Digital Humanities at Dickinson College, and Dickinson's Research and Development Committee. The Project Director is Christopher Francese, Asbury J. Clarke Professor of Classical Studies at Dickinson College (francese@dickinson.edu).
Portrait of Julius Caesar in Greek marble, recently found in a cistern (#861) from the Pantelleria acropolis in Sicily. Photo: Roger B. Ulrich


Historia Ecclesiastica selections
Read Online
Portrait of Julius Caesar in Greek marble, recently found in a cistern (#861) from the Pantelleria acropolis in Sicily. Photo: Roger B. Ulrich


Read Online
Portrait of Julius Caesar in Greek marble, recently found in a cistern (#861) from the Pantelleria acropolis in Sicily. Photo: Roger B. Ulrich


Aeneid  Selections
Read Online
Tacitus Annals

Tacitus, Annals 15.20–23, 33–45

Read Online
Get Print Book
Allen & Greenough’s Latin Grammar

Allen & Greenough’s Latin Grammar

Read Online
Portrait of Julius Caesar in Greek marble, recently found in a cistern (#861) from the Pantelleria acropolis in Sicily. Photo: Roger B. Ulrich


Gallic War selections
Read Online
Callimachus Aetia


Read Online
Cicero Against Verres 2.1.53–86


Against Verres 2.1.53–86
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Cicero On Pompey’s Command (De Imperio), 27-49


On Pompey’s Command (De Imperio), 27-49
Read Online
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Core Vocabularies

Core Vocabularies

Latin and Ancient Greek
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Cornelius Nepos Life of Hannibal

Cornelius Nepos

Life of Hannibal
Read online
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Goodell's School Grammer of Attic Greek

Goodell's School Grammar of Attic Greek

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Lucian True Histories, Book 1


True Histories, Book 1
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Ovid Amores Book 1


Amores Book 1
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Sulpicius Severus The Life of Saint Martin of Tours

Sulpicius Severus

The Life of Saint Martin of Tours
Read Onlin

Monday, March 19, 2018

Open Access Journal: Layers. Archeologia Territorio Contesti

Layers. Archeologia Territorio Contesti
ISSN: 2532-0289
Page Header
Layers. Archeologia Territorio Contesti is a peer-reviewed open access journal which focuses on archaeological research into the Landscape Archaeology. Studies of sites, results of scientific excavations and studies on artefacts found in the excavations fall into this field. The journal accepts unpublished scientific contributions characterized by originality and innovation. The journal accepts contributions related to any specific geographical region and relevant to any period, from prehistory to the Middle Ages.


No 1 (2016)

Questo 1° numero contiene gli Atti del Convegno di Studi
Daedaleia. Le torri nuragiche oltre lʼetà del Bronzo
Cagliari, Cittadella dei Musei, 19-21 aprile 2012)
curati da E. Trudu, G. Paglietti, M. Muresu

Impaginazione a cura di E. Cruccas, M. Cabras, G. A. Arca,  M. Todde, C. Parodo


Supplement to issue 2

Notizie & Scavi della Sardegna Nuragica.
Abstract Book del I Congresso Regionale (Serri, 20-22  aprile 2017)


No 3 (2018)

Open Access Journal: Hirundo, the McGill Journal of Classical Studies

[First posted in AWOL 9 November 2009. Updated 19 Mar 2018]

Hirundo: the McGill Journal of Classical Studies
ISSN: 1718-8296
Hirundo, the McGill Journal of Classical Studies, is published once a year by the Classics Students Association of McGill. The journal is completely authored, edited, and produced by undergraduate students at McGill University.

Hirundo seeks contributions from students and alumni related to the ancient Mediterranean world broadly defined. Essays on Classical art and literature, ancient European and Near Eastern history from the prehistoric through late antique periods, religious studies, ancient philosophy, and the Classical tradition are welcome. Hirundo aims to bring together students with diverse yet overlapping interests, and offer them the opportunity to publish their work for a wider audience and thereby promote Classical Studies.
Hirundo I 2000-2001
Hirundo II 2001-2002
Hirundo III 2004-2005
Hirundo IV 2005-2006
Hirundo V 2006-2007
Hirundo VI 2007-2008
Hirundo VII 2008-2009
Hirundo VIII 2009-2010
Hirundo IX 2010-2011
Hirundo X 2011-2012
Hirundo XI 2012-2013
Hirundo XII 2013-2014
Hirundo XIII 2014-2015
Hirundo XIV 2015-2016
Hirundo XV 2016-2017

Open Access Journal: NABU at Achemenet

[First posted in AWOL 16 December 2009. Updated 19 March 2018]

Nouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires (NABU) [articles pertaining to the 1st. mill. BCE at Achemenet]
ISSN: 0989-5671
With the permission of the team that runs the review NABU, now also published on-line, the Achemenet site also provides on-line publication, in a specific format, of Notes from the Achemenid era that have already appeared in NABU since 1987; it also includes Notes on the neo-Babylonian era and the Hellenistic era.
As of 2012 the full run of NABU is available online:

MALP (= M(orphologically) A(nnotated) (and) L(emmatized) P(apyri) corpus)

MALP (= M(orphologically) A(nnotated) (and) L(emmatized) P(apyri) corpus)
This repository contains the MALP (= M(orphologically) A(nnotated) (and) L(emmatized) P(apyri) corpus) corpus. This contains all the texts of papyri.info which could be automatically sentence splitted. You find documentation about its creation in the forthcoming article:
Celano, Giuseppe G. A. (2017). An automatic morphological annotation and lemmatization for the papyri of the Integrating Digital Papyrology Project (papyri.info). in Reggiani N. (ed.), Digital Papyrology II. New Tools for the Digital Edition of Ancient Papyri. De Gruyter

Things that travelled-Mediterranean Glass in the First Millennium CE

Things that travelled-Mediterranean Glass in the First Millennium CE
ISBN: 9781787351172 Year:  Pages: 416 Language: English 
Publisher: UCL Press 
Subject: Archaeology --- History --- Anthropology 
Recent research has demonstrated that, in the Roman, Late Antique, Early Islamic and Medieval worlds, glass was traded over long distances, from the Eastern Mediterranean, mainly Egypt and Israel, to Northern Africa, the Western Mediterranean and Northern Europe. Things that Travelled, a collaboration between the UCL Early Glass Technology Research Network, the Association for the History of Glass and the British Museum, aims to build on this knowledge.Covering all aspects of glass production, technology, distribution and trade in Roman, Byzantine and Early Medieval/Early Islamic times, including studies from Britain, Egypt, Cyprus, Italy and many others, the volume combines the strengths of the sciences and cultural studies to offer a new approach to research on ancient glass. By bringing together such a varied mix of contributors, specialising in a range of geographical areas and chronological time frames, this volume also offers a valuable contribution to broader discussions on glass within political, economic, cultural and historical arenas.

Sunday, March 18, 2018

Make Your Own Maps of Corinth and Greece

Make Your Own Maps of Corinth and Greece
We present this collection of modern and historical maps, GIS data, and resource links for archaeologists, novice cartographers, and experienced GIS users. Original material, redistributed copies, and modified versions are offered under Creative Commons licensing. Feel free to copy, share, remix, transform, and build upon the maps and data as long as the source and changes are documented and they remain free. Download links may be found for both high resolution TIF images and Shapefiles covering the Corinthia and beyond. Those who wish to finish the readymade maps with an image editor like Photoshop may click the links beneath each thumbnail map. Others with GIS skills to construct their own dynamic maps should see the GIS Data section. Sources for the data as well as other good open data resources are further down the page.
PLEASE report broken links to James Herbst! Errors?

Readymade High-res Basemaps with Layers (click links to download)

Peloponnese, Attica, and Southwestern Aegean (1:1,000,000)
Attica and the Northeastern Peloponnese
Corinthia (1:250,000)
Bioitia (1:333,333)
Crete (1:750,000)
Attica (1:250,000)
*see the GIS data section for Greece for the data sources.
Creative Commons License Corinth Archaeological Data and Basemaps by American School of Classical Studies at Athens are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  


GIS Data

The archaeological data, basemap, shapefiles, and optional layer files (see bottom of page for use of layer files) can be downloaded and assembled into a dynamic map using GIS software. The Corinth material is our work. It is followed by redistributed copies and modified versions of regional data with sources noted.


Corinth archaeological data: cover the Corinthia, the ancient city of Corinth, or the central archaeological site (WGS 84, zone 34N). We will add to these shapefiles when possible.
  • City walls: line shapefile for the Classical and LR city walls.
  • Monuments: these are non-adjacent overlapping polygons circumscribed around the subject with place/monument names attached.
  • Sites: point file with archaeological sites and few museums in the Corinthia. Also in Google Earth KMZ.
  • Central archaeological area, ca. 325 B.C.E: line file plan of the monuments of the main site just before the construction of the South Stoa.
  • Peirene state plan: new topographical survey of the Peirene Fountain completed in 2006.  Dangerous and unsurveyed areas were supplemented by Hill's drawings.
  • Classical houses: Buildings I-IV were resurveyed for Corinth VII.6
  • Underground water system: new survey data used to 'rubbersheet' Hill's plan of the Peirene underground tunnels.
  • Sacred caves: a group of ten caves (points) in the Corinthia and beyond, assembled from various sources noted in the data.
  • Surface geology with layer file: polygon shapefile of central portion of the Corinthia.
Corinth orthophotos, DEMs, and other products: produced from low level aerial photos in Agisoft Photoscan.
Corinth Archaeological Site, Scale 5cm pixels, UTM zone 34N
Peirene, Scale 5mm pixels, UTM zone 34N
Korakou, UTM zone 34N
Historical maps of the Corinthia: These raster images are rubberheeted and georeferenced to modern control points in UTM, zone 34N. Each zipped file contains a TIF and a TFW world file.
Francesco Morosini map of central Corinthia, 1687: 720Mb, Dated on Christmas day several months after his army made it's "fortunate shot" destroying the Ottoman powder magazine (the Parthenon) during the seige of Athens. It was drawn with south oriented to the top and split over six linen sheets. In this file it is reoriented north to the top and reassembled in one image before georeferencing. Ancient features, contemporary buildings and roads, fountains and springs, fortifications and towers, and topographic features are highlighted on this map. The area to the east of the Isthmus still has quite a bit of distortion.
Pierre Peytier map of Ancient Corinth, 1829: 122Mb, a small but accurate survey by the Morea Expedition shows that the lines of many roads in the village remain unchanged.
Greece shapefiles with optional layer files: Coverage is the entire country or greater (various UTM). Sources and versions noted below. The layer files are optional, created by us, to enrich the visualization of the data.
Basemap, contours, and ASTER DEM: Coverage is 36-39 degrees latitude and 20-26 degrees longitude. ASTER GDEM is a product of METI and NASA. Bathymetry derived from EMODnet data
  • Basemap.zip,118 Mb and BasemapWIthBathymetry.zip, 326 Mb: intended as a backdrop for the shapefiles on this page. The file is a zipped GeoTiff with a world file (.tfw) generated from the DEM below with naturally colored visualization (similar to the color maps at the top of the page) based on elevation, slope, and hillshade to provide a pleasant and informative background for other data. It retains the resolution of the original data which is nominally 1 arc-second or about 30 m per pixel, though actually less.
  • Contour lines at 50 m interval and Layer File: lines generated from DEM, 15Mb
  • Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and Layer File: raster, 88Mb.  Mosaic from 1 degree x 1 degree DEMs.
  • The European Environment Agency also has some very nice 1 arcsec (~30m) base maps derived from SRTM and ASTER GDEM.
  • BathymetryDEM.zip, 929 Mb, from EMODnet data.
*Note that the rivers and place name data may seem repetitive but each dataset has strengths and weaknesses.
*Greek names encoded with ISO 88597 and may not display properly in ArcGIS. Default encoding for ESRI must be set on Windows via "regedit" as per this ESRI support page.


The data are from the following:
  • USGS Earth Explorer: a complete search and order tool for aerial photos, elevation data and satellite products distributed by the U.S. Geological Survey's Long Term Archive (LTA). The LTA at the National Center for Earth Resource Observations and Science in Sioux Falls, SD is one of the largest civilian remote sensing data archives. It contains a comprehensive record of the Earth's changing land surface including ASTER GDEM and SRTM.
  • OpenStreetMap (OSM): Built by a cartographic community that contributes and maintains worldwide data about roads, trails, cafés, railway stations, and much more. © OpenStreetMap contributors (ODC Open Database License, Artibute/Share-Alike/Keep open). Geofapbrik.de (next entry below) probably has the most convenient up-to-date shapefiles, this OSM page has other sources, and QGIS has a great builtin function for querying and downloading data.
  • Geofabrik: incorporated in late 2007 with the conviction that free geodata created by projects will become increasingly attractive for commercial uses. They provide regularly updated (new build each night) modern features and place names from Open Street Map data in Shapefile format. (ODC Open Database License, Attribute/Share-Alike/Keep open)
  • NGA GEOnet Names Server: the official repository of standard spellings of all foreign geographic names, sanctioned by the United States Board on Geographic Names. The database also contains variant spellings (cross-references), which are useful for finding purposes, as well as non-Roman script spellings of many of these names. Toponymic information is based on the Geographic Names Database, containing official standard names approved by the United States Board on Geographic Names and maintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. More information is available at the Products and Services link at www.nga.mil. The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency name, initials, and seal are protected by 10 United States Code Section 425. (no licensing requirements or restrictions)
  • geodata.gov.gr: designed, developed, and is maintained by the Institute for the Management of Information Systems of the "Athena" Research and Innovation Center in Information, Communication and Knowledge Technologies, with the aim to provide a focal point point for the aggregation, search, provision and portrayal of open public geospatial information. (Greek License Creative Commons Attribution, cc-by)
  • European Environment Agency (EEA): an agency of the European Union, they provide sound, independent information on the environment. EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright).
  • European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet): provides services for discovery and requesting access to bathymetric data (survey data sets and composite DTMs) as managed by an increasing number of data providers. Data resolution since early February 2015 is 7.5 arc-second. To download, follow this link, click "download products", select a grid square, then select from a list of file formats (EMO, ASCII, GeoTif, NetCDF, SD, XYZ). If you need more, select another grid square, and repeat.
  • Pleiades: gives scholars, students, and enthusiasts worldwide the ability to use, create, and share historical geographic information about the ancient world in digital form. At present, Pleiades has extensive coverage for the Greek and Roman world, and is expanding into Ancient Near Eastern, Byzantine, Celtic, and Early Medieval geography. Pleiades is a joint project of the Ancient World Mapping Center, the Stoa Consortium, and the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World.  (Creative Commons License- cc-by)
More open data resources and information:
  • Digital Atlas of Roman and Medieval Civilization (DARMC): makes freely available on the internet the best available materials for a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) approach to mapping and spatial analysis of the Roman and medieval worlds. Geo-data offered covering topics such as climate, natural resources, settlements and harbors, artifacts, roads, shipwrecks, political boundaries, rats.(CC BY-NC-SA)
  • ArchaeoStuff: a blog by Galician archaeologist, Emilio Rodríguez-Álvarez with a growing number of GIS tutorials using GRASS.
  • Corinthian Matters: authored by ASCSA alumnus David Pettegrew, this blog is devoted to the archaeological and historical research of the modern region of the Corinthia. The "Maps" category is another source for similar images, contour datasets, and a tutorial for GIS software.
  • Archaeology in (Geo)Space: Stories from one GIS-using-archaeologist to another: another excellent blog by an ASCSA member concerning GIS data, problems finding it, and using it in Greece. Check out the "Resources" page.
  • Ancient World Mapping Center: an interdisciplinary research center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, it promotes cartography, historical geography, and geographic information science as essential disciplines within the field of ancient studies through innovative and collaborative research, teaching, and community outreach activities.  Free maps and shapefiles for ancient roads, names, aqueducts, and other ancient features (CC BY-NC).
  • Archaeological Mapping Lab: originally established at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology by Dr. David Gilman Romano, the Lab has relocated to its new home at the School of Anthropology, University of Arizona.  Well published in paper document formats (JSTOR) but no electronic map files offered.
  • freegisdata.org: Interesting links to various WMS servers and a page on Greece. Little is known about this site but here is a quote from the page, "Actually this is just a test. The idea is to provide an HTML user interface to a Free Gis Data CSW, organized by place and keyword."
  • GeoCommons: the public community of GeoIQ users who are building an open repository of data and maps for the world. The GeoIQ platform includes a large number of features that empower you to easily access, visualize and analyze your data.
  • GeoNames:  geographical database covering all countries and contains over eight million placenames that are available for download free of charge.
  • GSHHG: A Global Self-consistent, Hierarchical, High-resolution Geography Database.  They have detailed coastline data.
  • Digital Archive @ McMaster University Library: High resolution downloads of WWII Topographic maps with a collection of Greece at 1:100k. Thanks Dimitri Nakassis for the link!
  • Natural Earth: public domain map dataset available at 1:10m, 1:50m, and 1:110 million scales. Featuring tightly integrated vector and raster data, with Natural Earth you can make a variety of visually pleasing, well-crafted maps with cartography or GIS software.
  • Open Linked Data Greece: this page has very good information similar to Geodata.gov.gr
  • datahub: a free, powerful data management platform from the Open Knowledge Foundation, based on the CKAN data management system.
  • Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (sedac): one of the Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) in the Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) of the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. SEDAC focuses on human interactions in the environment. Interesting data including anthropogenic biomes of the world from 1700 CE to present.
  • National Cadastre and Mapping Agency S.A.: their mission is the study, development, and operation of the Hellenic land registry.  They offer a Web Mapping Service server basemap for Greece that is more accurate than Google Earth.  Add the following link (http://gis.ktimanet.gr/wms/wmsopen/wmsserver.aspx) to an Image Overlay in Google Earth or in ArcGIS, Add Data>Look in:GIS Servers>Add WMS Server>URL.  For guidance adding the WMS server, see these links for Google Earth and ArcGIS.

Layer Files, how to...

Layer files (.lyr) contain information on the color and symbols used to visualize the data.  They are included here to save time assembling an attractive map.  In ArcGIS first add the shapefile or raster data, then right click>Layer Properties>Symbology Tab>Import>Browse button and browse for the .lyr that corresponds to the data.  Alternately try a Google search for "import symbology from layer file."


The data on this page are gathered and presented in good faith. For the information from outside sources, we assume no responsibility for errors or consistency in transliteration. Pleiades and Geofabrik/OSM are community driven projects with regularly updated data. Visit the sites to download updates or join the sites to create and edit data yourself. For errors in the Corinth archaeological data, please contact James Herbst.